So, another academic year is about to hove into view over the horizon, and what better time to take stock of your situation, make sure your gear is fit for purpose, and think about levelling-up your geek skills to cope with the rigours of the next year of academic life. If you need any hardware, Engadget’s Back to School review guides are a great place to start, and have reviews of all kinds of things from smartphones to gaming systems, all arranged helpfully in several price categories.
If you really want to be ahead of the game this year though, you’ll need to put in a bit of extra time and effort, and learn some new skills. Here are my recommendations for what computing skills psychology students should be learning, for each year of a standard UK BSc in Psychology.*
If you’re starting your 1st year…
A big part of the first year is about learning basic skills like academic writing, synthesising information, referencing etc. Take a look at my computer skills checklist for psychology students and see how you measure up. Then, the first thing you need to do, on day one, is start using a reference manager. This is an application that will help you organise journal articles and other important sources for your whole degree, and will even do your essay referencing for you. I like Mendeley, but Zotero is really good as well. Both are totally free. Download one of them right now. This is honestly the best bit of advice I can possibly give to any student. Do it. I just can’t emphasise this enough. Really. OK. Moving on.
Next you need to register for a Google account, if you don’t have one already. Here’s why. Then use your new Google username to sign up for Feedly and start following some psychology and neuroscience blogs. Here and here are some good lists to get you started. If you’re a real social-media fiend, sign up for Twitter and start following some of these people.
You may want to use the 5GB of free storage you get with Google Drive as a cloud back-up space for important documents, or you may want to sign up for a Dropbox account as well. Use one or the other, or preferably both, because none of your data is safe. Ever.
If you’re really keen and want to learn some general skills that will likely help you out in the future, learn how to create a website with WordPress or Github Pages. Or maybe download Gimp and get busy with learning some picture editing.
If you’re starting your 2nd year…
This is when things get more serious and you probably can’t expect to turn up to tutorials with an epically massive hangover and still understand everything that’s going on. Similarly, you need to step it up a level with the geekery as well.
You probably learned some SPSS in your statistics course in the first year. That’s fine, but you probably don’t have a licence that allows you to play with it on your own computer. PSPP is the answer – it’s a free application that’s made to look and work just like SPSS – it even runs SPSS syntax code. Awesomes. Speaking of which, if you’re not using the syntax capabilities of SPSS and doing it all through the GUI, you’re doing it wrong.
If you really want to impress, you’ll start using R for your lab reports. The seriously hardcore will just use the base R package, but don’t feel bad if you want to use R-Commander or Deducer to make life a bit easier. Start with the tutorials here.
If you’re starting your 3rd year…
This is the year when you’ll probably have to do either a dissertation, a research project, or maybe both. If you’re not using a reference manager already, trying to do a dissertation without one is utter lunacy – start now.
For your research project, try and do as much of it as you can yourself. If you’re doing some kind of survey project, think about doing it online using Google Forms, or LimeSurvey. If you’re doing a computer-based task, then try and program it yourself using PsychoPy. Nothing will impress your project supervisor more than if you volunteer to do the task/survey set-up yourself. Then of course you can analyse the data using the mad statz skillz you learned in your second year. Make some pretty looking figures for your final report using the free, open-source Veusz.
Learning this stuff might all sound like a lot to ask when you also have essays to write, tutorials to prepare for, and parties to attend. However, all these things are really valuable CV-boosting skills which might come to be invaluable after you graduate. If you want to continue studying at Masters or PhD level, potential supervisors will be looking for applicants with these kinds of skills, and solid computer knowledge can also help to distinguish you from all the other psychology graduates when applying for ‘normal’ jobs too. It really is the best thing you can learn, aside from your course material, naturally.
Have I missed anything important? Let me know in the comments!
* I realise US colleges and other countries have a different structure, but I think these recommendations will still broadly apply.
It occurred to me recently that I had never addressed one of the most important and fundamental issues involved in computer use – the implementation of a sensible and secure backup policy.
Yeah, yeah, I know what you’re thinking – “yawn“. However, when (thats when not if) your laptop hard-drive fries itself and you lose your 10,000 word thesis because you haven’t backed it up, don’t come whingeing and crying to me. A quick google search for “I lost my essay” turns up 1.4 million results, and most of them are tales of abject woe and desperation. Any form of data-recording media is vulnerable to catastrophic failure, and the chances of getting your data back once that happens are slim-to-nothing.* In this world of laptops and portable storage it’s not just mechanical failure that’s the problem either – laptops/hard-drives/USB keys can very easily get lost, dropped, or stolen.
Nowadays data storage densities are so ridiculously cheap that you really have no excuse for not making adequate backups. Plus, the availability of Cloud-based storage services like Dropbox and Google Docs can also make life easier. A truly ultra-secure backup system usually involves three copies of all your important data – one ‘working’ copy (say, on your laptop hard drive), a primary backup (say, an external USB hard drive) and a secondary backup in a separate location (another external hard drive which you keep at your friend’s house). This way, if one drive fails you always have two backups, and even in the worst possible scenario of your house burning down (destroying your laptop and primary backup) you still have your secondary backup.
This might be over-kill for the purposes of most students though. If I were still an impecunious student, living in shared accomodation, the system I would implement would be this: Read the rest of this entry